1. Promote the
welfare of birds and their environment.
1(a) Support the
protection of important bird habitat.
1(b) To avoid
stressing birds or exposing them to danger, exercise restraint and
caution during observation, photography, sound recording, or
Limit the use of
recordings and other methods of attracting birds, and never use such
methods in heavily birded areas, or for attracting any species that
is Threatened, Endangered, or of Special Concern, or is rare in your
Keep well back
from nests and nesting colonies, roosts, display areas, and
important feeding sites. In such sensitive areas, if there is a need
for extended observation, photography, filming, or recording, try to
use a blind or hide, and take advantage of natural cover.
light sparingly for filming or photography, especially for
advertising the presence of a rare bird publicly, evaluate the
potential for disturbance to the bird, its surroundings, and other
people in the area, and proceed only if access can be controlled,
disturbance minimized, and permission has been obtained from private
land-owners. The sites of rare nesting birds should be divulged only
to your regional coordinator, the atlas staff or the proper
1(d) Stay on
roads, trails, and paths where they exist; otherwise keep habitat
disturbance to a minimum.
2. Respect the
law, and the rights of others.
2(a) Do not
enter private property without the owner's explicit permission.
2(b) Follow all
laws, rules, and regulations governing use of roads and public
areas, both at home and abroad.
common courtesy in contacts with other people. Your exemplary
behavior will generate goodwill with birders and non-birders alike.
3. Ensure that
feeders, nest structures, and other artificial bird environments are
dispensers, water, and food clean, and free of decay or disease. It
is important to feed birds continually during harsh weather.
and clean nest structures regularly.
3(c) If you are
attracting birds to an area, ensure the birds are not exposed to
predation from cats and other domestic animals, or dangers posed by
birding, whether organized or impromptu, requires special care.
in the group, in addition to the obligations spelled out in Items #1
and #2, has responsibilities as a Group Member.
4(a) Respect the
interests, rights, and skills of fellow birders, as well as people
participating in other legitimate outdoor activities. Freely share
your knowledge and experience, except where code 1(c) applies. Be
especially helpful to beginning birders.
4(b) If you
witness unethical birding behavior, assess the situation, and
intervene if you think it prudent. When interceding, inform the
person(s) of the inappropriate action, and attempt, within reason,
to have it stopped. If the behavior continues, document it, and
notify appropriate individuals or organizations.
Responsibilities [amateur and professional trips and tours].
4(c) Be an
exemplary ethical role model for the group. Teach through word and
4(d) Keep groups
to a size that limits impact on the environment, and does not
interfere with others using the same area.
everyone in the group knows of and practises this code.
4(f) Learn and
inform the group of any special circumstances applicable to the
areas being visited (e.g. no tape recorders allowed).
that professional tour companies bear a special responsibility to
place the welfare of birds and the benefits of public knowledge
ahead of the company's commercial interests. Ideally, leaders should
keep track of tour sightings, document unusual occurrences, and
submit records to appropriate organizations.
this code and distribute and teach it to others