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Forest Bird Monitoring Program (Ontario)
Project name:
Forest Bird Monitoring Program (Ontario)

Project goal:
To compile a habitat-specific baseline inventory of forest songbirds, describe temporal changes in relation to local and landscape habitat, and contribute to an understanding of population trends for forest birds in Ontario.

Project keywords:

Overall project description:

Status: Active

Year started: 1987
Year ended:
Comments: ongoing

Season(s) and frequency:

Geographic area covered:
Ontario (Essex county north to Kapuskasing and Sioux Lookout & west to Fort Frances); majority of sites in southern one-third of province

Important bird areas:

National parks and other protected areas:
24 Provincial Parks, 3 National Parks, 18 Conservation Areas

Type of habitats:
Mostly mature, undisturbed forest

Primary species covered:
Target group: Landbirds

Methods with details of protocol and comments:
Point counts located along flagged transects in forest (250 m apart), within and beyond 100 m radius, 5 and 10 minute duration; two visits made, first 24th May to 17 June; second to 13th June to 10th July (with a minimum of 6 days between visits)

Sample design:
FBMP Volunteers selected mature woodlots for which disturbance (eg. timber harvest) was not planned.

Data (format and access):
Microsoft Access 2000 database, queriable via WILDSPACE Decision Support System, not yet publicly available on internet

Sample size:
377 sites; 1756 stations (and growing); 187 with Dominant Habitat descriptions

Results (format and publication/availability):
No Results on public-access internet [yet]; Refer to sections 13, & 26

Trends and time series availability:
Population trends for selected species over the 1st 10yrs of the program have been published in Cadman et al., 1998; trends over 17yr time series to be reported in Spring 2004 FBMP newsletter.

Relevant publications:
Schalk, G., H. J. Dewar, and M. D. Cadman. 2002. Recommendations for assessing trends in forest bird populations based on the expeience of the Ontario Forest Bird Monitoring Program. Journal of Field Ornithology 73: 340-350. Cadman, M. D., H. J. Dewar, and D. A. Welsh. 1998. The Ontario Forest Bird Monitoring Program (1987-1997): Goals, methods and species trends observed. Canadian Wildlife Service Technical Report 325, 26 pp. Wong, I.W., D.K. McNicol, P. Fong, D. Fillman, J. Neysmith, R. Russell. 2003. The WILDSPACE Decision Support System. Environmental Modelling & Software 18: 521-530. Perhaps add Annual FBMP Newsletters (available from CWS-Ontario Region).

Funding source:
Ontario Region, Canadian Wildlife Service, Environment Canada

Lead Institution: Canadian Wildlife Service, Ontario Region

Database custodian: Canadian Wildlife Service, Ontario Region

Partner Institution(s):

Brief description of the application of the information derived from the monitoring effort:
Directly applicable to: (1) analysis of population trend, (2) spatial patterns of species richness, (3) landscape-level habitat associations, (4) landscape-level species occurrence predictive mapping, (5) meta-analysis via integration with data from adjacent sampling sites from other monitoring programs.

Main user of monitoring information:
CWS biologists, OMNR biologists and Park planners, other Avian Science organizations, Academia

People involved in monitoring:

Has any of the resulting monitoring information been used for a state of the environment assessment?
FBMP data have been used in various Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources "Life Science Inventory" state of the environment initiatives, usually along themes related to indicator species, or significant woodlands.

Main problems, limitations, challenges and other comments:

Primary contact: Mike Cadman Canadian Wildlife Service, Ontario Region

Secondary contact: No secondary contact has been identified

Web site:

Summary created: 23/01/2004 by Rich Russell
Summary last modified: 23/01/2004 by Rich Russell


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